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Cotmanhay Infant and Nursery School

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Science

Science

 

At Cotmanhay Infant School our principle aim is to give all children a good understanding of the world around them while acquiring the skills and knowledge to help them to think scientifically. We want all our children to have an understanding of scientific processes, the uses and implications of Science, today and for the future.

 

Science in our school is organised and taught in the context of a topics and themes. Teachers deliver the Science National Curriculum 2014 in ways that are imaginative, purposeful, well managed and enjoyable for all children. Where possible we involve children in “real” hands on scientific activities that allow children at our school to ask questions and answer questions about the world they see around them.

 

Teachers plan purposeful links between science and other subjects, using ICT and maths in a meaningful way to support understanding in science.  Children are offered a wide range of extra-curricular activities, visits, trips, science clubs and visitors to complement and enhance each child’s learning experience. Children have access to positive role models as a result of community links and connection with national agencies such as the STEM association.

 

Teachers at our school aim to provide a range of relevant experiences that allow pupils to work scientifically. Children will use different types of scientific enquiry to answer their own questions, including observing changes over a period of time, noticing patterns, grouping and classifying things, carrying out simple comparative tests, and finding things out using secondary sources of information. They will begin to use simple scientific language to talk about what they have found out and communicate their ideas to a range of audiences in a variety of ways.

 

Science in nursery and reception classes is taught as an integral part of their topic work covered during the year. Teachers in nursery and reception relate the scientific aspect of children’s work to the objectives set out in the Early Learning Goals included in Knowledge and Understanding the World.

 

 

 

SCIENCE Key skills/knowledge progression from aged 2 - 7:

Key Vocabulary in science

 

CUBS

 (22-36m)

BEARS

(30-50m)

RECEPTION

 (40-60m)

YEAR 1

YEAR 2

    AUT

       1

The Fair/ Nursery Rhymes

See, eyes, hear, ears, hard, soft, light,

All about me/Traditional Tales

Cold, hot, melt, hard, soft, healthy, unhealthy, fruit, vegetable, cheese, bread, pasta, rice, mix, stir, cook, before, after. autumn,

smooth, runny, bumpy

Fairy Tales

Smell, feel, touch, taste, healthy, unhealthy, fruit, vegetables, roots, hard, soft, runny, bumpy, powdery, dry, wet, gloopy, hard, strong, weak, wood, straw, bricks, clean, brush, teeth, care, plants, grow, cooled, heated, change, soil.

Seasons autumn

Farming

Crop, Grain, Fruit, Roots, Bulb, Seed, Trunk, Branches, Stem, variety, flowering, habitat. Wood, Plastic, Glass, Paper, Water, Metal, Rock, Hard, Soft, Bendy, Rough, Smooth, physical properties, mammal, name common farm animals, Summer, Spring, Autumn, Winter, Sun, observe, change,

Survival

Survival, Water, Air, Food, Adult, Baby, Offspring, Kitten, Calf, Puppy, Exercise, Hygiene, rest, alive, dead, shelter, Fish, Reptiles, Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, Herbivore, Omnivore, Carnivore, food chain, digestion, meat, fats, carbohydrates, dairy, pulses, grains, cereal, food groups, vitamins, minerals, balanced diet, senses, medicine.

 

   AUT 2

Bonfire night/ all about me/ Christmas

Touch, hands, taste, mouth, light, dark, hard, soft

Celebrations and Favourite Stories

Squeeze, squash, roll, sparkle, shine, light, shadow, winter

smooth, runny, bumpy

Witches/ Spooky House/ Christmas

Smell, feel, touch, taste, healthy, unhealthy, fruit, vegetables, hard, soft, runny, bumpy, powdery, dry, wet, gloopy, hard, strong, weak, sparkly, shiny, wood, metal, plastic, glass, material, smooth, rough, bumpy, rotten, decay, mouldy, change. Seasons winter

Deep Dark Woods

Deciduous, Evergreen trees, summer, autumn, spring, summer, Sun, Day, Moon, Night, Light, Dark, observe, changes, months, day length, months, weather, sunlight, Fish, Reptiles, Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, habitat, hibernate, sort, classify, same, different 

 

Castles

Wood, Plastic, Glass, Paper, Water, Metal, Rock, Hard, Soft, Bendy, Rough, Smooth, brick, dull, materials, physical properties, variety, stretch, stiff, shiny, ridged, waterproof, absorbent, opaque, strength, measure, same different

 

   SPR 3

Winter/mini beasts/dinosaurs/farm

Cold, small, big, legs, body, wings, cow, sheep, horse, chicken, dinosaur

Food

Healthy, unhealthy, good for me, body, sugar, fat, fruits, vegetables, cheese, bread, pasta, rice, stir, mix, cook, heat

 mouldy

Pirates

Float, sink,, hard, strong, weak, sparkly, shiny, wood, metal, plastic, glass, material, smooth, rough, bumpy, similar, different, canal, litter, re use/ recycle, magnet, magnetic, swan, cygnet, goose, gosling Seasons spring

Dinosaurs/ Fire of London

Herbivore, Omnivore, Carnivore, Leg, Arm, Elbow, Head, Ear, Nose, Back, Wings, Beak, shoulder, knees, back, stomach, scales, claws, Wood, Plastic, Glass, Paper, Water, Metal, Fossil, bones, decay

India

Summer, Spring, Autumn, Winter, Sun, Day, Moon, Night, Light, Dark, observe, changes, months, day length, months, weather, sunlight,

   SPR 4

People who help us/ Transport

Food, water, egg, chick, cow, sheep, horse, chicken, fox, bird, seed, plant

Farm and New Life

Seed, soil, grow, plant, chick, egg, life-cycle, feathers, claws, beak, bird, warm, water, food.

smooth, runny, bumpy

spring

Bears/ Dark Woods

Smell, feel, touch, taste, healthy, unhealthy, fruit, vegetables, hard, soft, shiny, wood, metal, plastic, glass, material, smooth, rough, bumpy, wet, dry, waterproof, same, different, similar, difference.

Mouldy decay Seasons spring

Space Explorers

materials, physical properties, variety, stretch, stiff, shiny, ridged, Summer, Spring, Autumn, Winter, Sun, Day, Moon, Night, Light, Dark, observe, changes, months, day length, months, weather, sunlight, shadow, circuit, wires, battery, bulb

Fantastic Machines

Hard, Soft, Stretchy, Stiff, Shiny, Dull, Rough, Smooth, Bendy, Waterproof, Absorbent, Opaque, Transparent Brick, Paper, Fabrics,  Squashing, Bending, Twisting, Stretching Elastic, Foil, rigid, flexible, aerodynamics, force, friction, material

 

 

   SUM 5

Pirates and under the Sea

Hot, col, hard, soft, rain, water, fish, sea

Transport and Journeys

Shiny, bumpy, hard, soft, wood, metal, forward, back, push, fast slow, move

smooth, runny, bumpy

Mini Beasts

Smell, feel, life cycle, egg, caterpillar, butterfly, frog, froglet, tadpole, frog, spawn,  change, grow, roots, stem, petal, leaf, soil, same , different, similar, difference, environment, recycle, reuse Seasons summer

Water/ Neptune’s Kingdom

Fish, Reptiles, Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, Herbivore, Omnivore, Carnivore, Leg, Arm, Head, Ear, Nose, Back, Wings, Beak, shoulder, habitat, hands, feet, fins, fins, gills, scales. Names of common pond/water life (e.g. pond skater)

 

Habitats and Hunters

Fish, Reptiles, Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, Herbivore, Omnivore, Carnivore, Vertebrate, invertebrate Living, Dead, Habitat, Energy, Food chain, Food source, Predator, Prey, Producer, Habitat, micro-habitat, Woodland, Pond, Desert, wood, plastic, metal, glass, carbon fibre

 

 

 SUM 6

Zoos/vets/pets Healthy Living

Animal names, leg, head, fur, fruit, vegetable.

Pirates/Jungle

Float, sink, plastic, wood, metal, animal, sea, jungle, tree, forest. Magnet magnetic

smooth, runny, bumpy

summer

Robots

Hard, soft, runny, bumpy, powdery, dry, wet, gloopy, hard, strong, weak, sparkly, shiny, wood, metal, plastic, glass, material, smooth, rough, bumpy, same, different, similar, difference, common farm animal names magnetic non magnetic. Seasons summer

 

Nature Detectives

Fish, Reptiles, Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, Herbivore, Omnivore, Carnivore, Vertebrate, invertebrate. Feather, skin, fur, scales,, Leg, Arm, Elbow, Head, Ear, Nose, Back, Wings, Beak, shoulder, knees, back, stomach, habitat, growth, changes, senses, hands, feet, touch, nose, small, mouth, taste, ear, hear, sound, eyes, sight, leaf, Roots, Bulb, Seed, Trunk, Branches, Stem,

 

Travellers and explorers/our planet

Environment, habitat, seeds, bulbs, germinate, light, temperature, human, life cycle, adult, baby, off spring, change, young old, growth

 

EYFS Working Scientifically

Same, different, similar, change, see, watch, equipment, tool, guess

KS1 working Scientifically

Sort, Classify, Identify, Question, Answer, Observe, Observing, Equipment, Group, Record, Diagram, Chart, table, Data, Compare, Contrast, Describe, predict, tables, same as, fair test, scientific, investigate, list, explain, describe, conclude

 

 

Ideas for science learning at home.

 

Starters for STEM are ten activities that parents can use at home to help children develop their science, technology, engineering and maths skills. These activities are easy-to-resource and provide children with the stimulus to talk about the world around them.

 

https://www.stem.org.uk/home-learning/primary

 

This series of videos, produced by the Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC), the demonstrations use everyday products and require no special equipment. Watch the video or try at home.

 

https://www.stem.org.uk/resources/collection/4006/primary-science-demonstrations

https://www.stem.org.uk/resources/elibrary/resource/25416/do-try-home

 

Fun hands on activities using everyday household items.

 

http://www.sciencefun.org/kidszone/experiments/

 

https://mommypoppins.com/kids/50-easy-science-experiments-for-kids-fun-educational-activities-using-household-stuff

Here are some programmes that you may want to watch at home.

 

TV programmes with Science theme:

Backyard Science (on you tube)

Messy Goes to Okido (BBC)

Maddie’s Do you Know (BBC)

Grace’s Amazing Machines (BBC)

Ask the Storybots (Netflix)

This is an experiment that we tried in year one. What do you think melted the ice the quickest?

 

Here are some really useful websites you may want to visit with your child at home to support their learning in science.            

                                                                           
                                                                         

 

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